Woodworking is a valuable skill that can make you a successful entrepreneur. A woodworker or carpenter needs different types of tools to accomplish his project. Among them, clamps are one of the vital tools used by a woodworker.
Clamp fastens objects tightly to the workbench so that it cannot move during chiseling, drilling, gluing etc. and to assemble two or more parts together. These two are the basic purpose of using clamps.
There are different types of woodworking clamps and each type has specific functions to play. In this article, we will discuss 11 common woodworking clamps that every carpenter keeps in his carpentry shop.
We talked in details on other posts about best woodworking clamps, hope that helps.
11 Common Clamps for Woodworking
A carpenter needs to keep different types of woodworking clamps in his collection. There are numerous types of clamps but it’s not possible for one to keep all of them in his collection. So it is better to keep the common types of clamps in the collection without which one cannot or face many difficulties to accomplish a project successfully.
C-Clamp is considered as a part and parcel of any carpenter shop. Since the clamp is “C” shaped, its name is C-Clamp. It is simple in design and mechanism but can play multiple functions. The capacity of a C-clamp varies with the size of the clamp.
Each clamp consists of a screw that passes through one end of the “C” shaped body and ends at the tip of the shape. C-clamp is used basically to accomplish 2 tasks-
- To hold two part of an object together
- To hold an object to the workbench
C-clamp has varieties of design and each design has some special advantage. Most carpenters need to keep different types of C-clamp in their collection as a single C-clamp is not enough to accomplish a project completely.
5 Basic Types of C-Clamps
1. Standard C-Clamps
It is the most common type C-clamp used for holding purpose.
2. Double Anvil C-Clamp
Double anvil C-clamp helps to distribute load or pressure evenly across a wide area and that is why the possibility of disfigurement of work surface reduces at a large extent.
3. Quick Release C-Clamps
Quick release C-clamps are designed for easy and quick fastening and loosening the object. There is a push button in quick release C-clamps for easy and quick adjustments.
4. Locking C-Clamps
Locking C-clamps are designed for one-handed
5. Deep Reach C-Clamps
Deep Reach C-Clamps are designed to provide maximum depth for objects requiring increased throat capacity.
Because of the F- shape name of this clamp is F-clamp. It is also known as bar clamp or speed clamp. Both of C-clamp and F clamp is used for the same purpose but the difference is that F-clamp has a wider opening than C-clamp.
F-clamp features two horizontal bars joined together with the aid of a vertical bar. This allows the woodworker to adjust the opening easily. Because of having “Bar”, F-clamp is also known as bar clamp.
F-clamp also used for lifting purpose and this is the reason behind its name “speed clamp”.
4. Parallel Clamp
Parallel clamps are much like bar clamps. The main difference between them is that the jaws of the parallel clamp are fixed at 90-degree angle to the sliding rail which lets the user assemble parts of any project exactly at the perpendicular position. Parallel clamps are generally used to make a picture frame, box, cabinet etc.
3. Pipe Clamp
A pipe clamp is alike F-clamp. The difference is that a pipe clamp uses a sliding pipe instead of a sliding bar like F-clamp and hence the name is pipe clamp. A pipe clamp is also known as gluing clamp.
The length and capacity of the clamp depend on the length of the pipe. Standard diameters of pipe clamps are a ½ inch and ¾ inch. It is a customizable clamp; you can increase or decrease the length by adding or removing the pipe from the clamp. This feature has enabled the clamp to fit varieties of opening requirements.
The headstock of pipe clamp is fixed and tailstock is adjustable. Most of the time pipe and clamps are sold separately.
4. Handscrew Clamp
Handscrew clamp also known as toolmaker’s clamp has similarity with C-clamps. It is one of the most favorable clamps to the carpenters to perform delicate tasks where high pressure is required.
The specialty of the handscrew clamp is that the jaws of this clamp can be adjusted to the slope of the clamp and the items can be offset or tapered.
It features strong jaws made from metal or wood and dual thread rod handles. Generally, the capacity of the handscrew clamp is half of its jaw length. For example, a handscrew clamp with 4-inch jaw length has a clamping capacity of 2 inches.
5. Miter Clamp
Miter clamps are used to fasten to portions of an object at 90-degree angle. For example, – miter clamps are used to assemble T-shaped joints or right angle butt joints, picture frames etc. Miter clamps have varieties of design including simple and complex design.
Miter clamps come with miter spring pliers. These miter spring pliers help the woodworker to hold the pair of the object together. A single miter clamp is enough for one carpenter shop.
6. Sash Clamp
Sash clamps are special forms of the bar clamp. To work on a large project sash clamp is a great tool.
Sash clamp features a long and heavy flat bar, a fixed jaw and a sliding jaw. The fixed jaw is attached to the bar, but you can adjust this jaw according to your need using a screw. Moving the sliding jaw along the length of the clamp you can lock the workpiece to your preferred position.
7. Ratchet-Action Bar Clamps
Ratchet action bar clamps are one kind of band clamps (strap of cloth or metal formed into a loop which adjusts the diameter of the object exerting a squeezing force). This is one of the most preferred clamps to the carpenters to work with irregularly shaped objects.
Ratchet action bar clamp features a long strap to secure the object and works according to the ratcheting mechanism. It is a safe clamp to work with softwood but if you tighten the workpiece hardly it can mar the workpiece.
8. Bench Clamp
Bench clamps are used to hold an object to the workbench. The bench works as the fixed jaw of the clamp. Bench clamp helps to accomplish the assembly task within a short time. Bench clamps are very close to bench vise but they are not actually same.
9. Edge Clamp
Generally, an edge clamp is used to trim the edge of a large piece of wood, to glue an assembly or a butt joint. It features 3 separate screws which help to control its position in two axes.
10. Cabinetry Clamp
The cabinetry clamp is used to attach two adjacent cabinets together so that the face of the frames remains closed and you can screw them easily.
11. Web Clamp
A web clamp is one type of band clamp. The strap of the web clamp is made of nylon. Web clamps are generally used for irregularly shaped objects. Generally, this type of clamps is used for furniture.
To work on a wood object or to join two or more items together you must need a clamp, otherwise, the task will be too complicated to accomplish. Different types of woodworking clamps with varieties of design and working mechanism are available in the market.
Generally, multiple clamps are required to accomplish any project. If you have the common clamps listed in this article in your collection you can manage the task of other clamps also using a little strategy.